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Elephant Anatomy and morphology Part I of 2 (Asian & African Elephants The difference)

Asian & African Elephants The difference!

Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus)African Elephants (Loxodonta africana)
Smooth and wrinkledSkinWrinkled
Up to 20 pairsNumber of ribsUp to 21 pairs
On the backHighest pointOn the shoulder
Smaller, do not reach over the neck can reach 2+feet acrossSize of the earsBigger, reach up over the neck can reach 5+ feet across
Convex or Straightshape off the backConcave
Either almost straight or sagging in the middleshape of the bellyDiagonally downward in the direction of the hind legs
Crumpled from the front to the back, with humped structures on the top of the head, forehead dentedshape of the headNot crumpled from the front to the back, no humped structures no dent
Around 20 percent of males in Asia have tusks. 5-7 percent of male elephants in Sri Lanka have tusks. Females do not have tusks.TusksMiles in many cases having tusks. Females having only rudimentary or no tusks.
Lamella profile of the molars strongly compressedTeethLamella profile of the molars diamond-shaped
Long and taperLower lipShort and round
Has One fingersTrunk endHas two fingers
Foreleg 5, Hind leg 4 or rarely 5ToenailsForeleg 4 or rarely 5, Hind leg 3 or rarely 4

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