English LanguageJunior English

Verb, adjective and noun-forming endings

Examples for Verb-forming endings ‘-en’ is added to adjectives to make verbs.

AdjectivesVerbs
Brightbrighten
Darkdarken
Deepdeepen
Freshfreshen
Hardharden
Lesslessen
Thickthicken
Coarsecoarsen
Riperipen
Widewiden
Worseworsen
Fatfatten
Madmadden
Redredden
Sadsadden

Adjective-forming endings ‘-en’ is added to some nouns to make adjectives.

NounsAdjectives
Goldgolden
Earthearthen
Leadleaden
Silksilken
Waxwaxen
Wheatwheaten
Woodwooden
Woolwoolen

-er’ is added to some verbs to make nouns.

VerbsNouns
Callcaller
Desertdeserter
Paintpainter
Publishpublisher
Readreader
Reportreporter
Skiskier
Speakspeaker
Traintrainer
Walkwalker
Workworker

‘r’ is added to some verbs to make nouns.

VerbsNouns
Advertiseadvertiser
Arguearguer
Bakebaker
Commutecommuter
Gigglegiggle
Invaderinvader
LectureLecture
Movemover
Liquidizeliquidizer
Raceracer
Ramblerambler
Skateskater
Tametamer
Weaveweaver

We double the final consonant of some verbs before adding ‘-er’ to make them nouns.

VerbsNouns
Bidbidder
Jogjogger
Quitquitter
Runrunner
Sitsitter
Zipzipper
Beginbeginner
Programmeprogrammer
Controlcontroller
Levelleveller
Signalsignaller
Traveltraveller

Before adding ‘-er’ to verbs ending with ‘y’, change ‘y’ to ‘i’.

VerbsNouns
Amplifyamplifier
Carrycarrier
Copycopier
Fancyfancier
Humidifyhumidifier
Occupyoccupier
Photocopyphotocopier

Exceptions

VerbsNouns
Buybuyer
Destroydestroyer
Playplayer
Staystayer

Add ‘k’ before adding-er’ to verbs ending with ‘c’.
Verbs Nouns
Panic panickier
Picnic picnicker
Here is a list of ‘doer’ nouns ending in ‘or’. Be familiar with them.

Abductor, accelerator, actor, adjudicator, administrator, aggressor, ambassador, ancestor,
animator, arbitrator, auditor, author, aviator,
bachelor, benefactor, calculator, captor, censor, chancellor, collaborator, collector,
commentator, communicator, compressor, conductor, confessor, conqueror, conspirator,
constructor, contractor, contributor, councillor, counsellor, creator, creditor, curator,
decorator, defector, demonstrator, depositor, debtor, detonator, detractor, dictator,
director, distributor, doctor, donor, duplicator,
editor, educator, elector, elevator, emperor, equator, escalator, excavator, executor,
facilitator, factor,
gladiator, governor, guarantor,
illustrator, impersonator, impostor, incinerator, incubator, indicator, infiltrator, inheritor,
initiator, inquisitor, inspector, instructor, interrogator, inventor, investigator, investor, invigilator,
janitor, legislator, liberator,
major, mayor, mediator, mentor, microprocessor, monitor, narrator, navigator,
objector, operator, oppressor, orator, orchestrator,
pastor, perambulator, perpetrator, persecutor, possessor, precursor, predator,
predecessor, processor, professor, projector, proprietor, prosecutor, protector, purveyor,
radiator, rector, reflector, refrigerator, regulator,
sailor, selector, senator, solicitor, spectator, sponsor, suitor, supervisor, surveyor, survivor,
tailor, tractor, traitor, transgressor, transistor, translator,
vendor, ventilator, victor, violator, visitor

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